Irrecha: Part &Parcel of the Geda System
The Oromo are known for their remarkable indigenous democratic socio-poltical system known as the Geda which they have kept working until today. According to an Eritrean anthropologist Asmarom Legese, ‘’the Geda system is a system of generation classes that succeed each other every eight years in assuming political, military, judicial, legislative and ritual responsibilities.’’
Geda divides the stages of life of individuals from childhood to old ages in to a serious of formal stages.
Within the Geda system, there is a thanks giving ceremony known as Irrecha. Irrecha is a thanks giving religious ceremony conducted either at river side, lake side or on top of mountains.
The Irrecha ceremony is held nationally in September every year at Hora Harsadi located to the north of Bishoftu town. Of course after 150 years it will be held nationally too at Hora Finfinnee this year, specifically in a place called Dolollo Buddena.
In Irrecha festival millions of attendants and participants from all over Oromiya led by Aba Gedas hold wet crass and Ada(daises) and put it at the lake side to extend their prayer and thanks giving to Waqa or Oromo supreme God for his life giving rains, health and human fertility and for helping them pass over to the bright spring(autumn) season from the dark rainy summer(winter).
On this occasion women hold siinqee. One of them also carries caacuu, a religious object made of skin of cow that is decorated with cowry shell, on her shoulder.
On their way to Hora Harsadi, they sing saying Mareo& Gabisayo, expressing their good wishes for the new year.
The Irrecha festival is also attended by government officials, members of diplomatic corps and tourists from all over the world. Millions of attendants and participants all over Oromiya and now people from other regions too express their joys in various ways during this festival.
Source: Extracted From the Video clip that narrates about the Geda System of the Oromo Nation.